Oral Examination & Treatment Planning
Regular oral examination and maintenance can ensure oral as well as the general health. People usually overlook the importance of regular oral check-up for whatever reasons. As a result it may lead to various dental problems such as bad breath, tooth sensitivity, tooth decay, tooth wear, gingivitis and advanced periodontitis, etc. Our dentists will carry out careful orofacial examinations and further investigations if necessary to evaluate the oral health status and arrive at a diagnosis whenever signs and symptoms are present.
- Examining the health of teeth and gums
- Checking any abnormalities of the orofacial region
- Evaluating overall oral health condition and providing dental health advice
- Providing intra oral and/ or extra oral X-ray for further investigation of oral signs and symptoms when necessary
- Providing oral health care information
Orofacial pain can be acute or chronic. It can be dental or non-dental origin.
Possible causes of pain with dental origin:
- Tooth sensitivity
- Cracked tooth
- Dental abscess
- Acute pericoronitis
Possible causes of pain with non-dental origin:
- Oral ulcers
- TMJ arthritis
- Oral cancer
Scaling and Prophylaxis
Plaque can easily accumulate in our oral cavity especially if we do not clean our teeth, gums and tongue thoroughly. Bacteria may secrete toxins resulting in gum inflammation. If the condition persists, it may lead to Periodontitis with signs of bone resorption.
Brushing teeth alone cannot thoroughly remove all the plaque and as a result dental tartar tends to form after some time. A professional Scaling and Prophylaxis can clean and smoothen our teeth and reduce the risk of bacteria accumulation. Dentists generally suggest to have Scaling and Prophylaxis once every half or a year as a route.
Scaling and Prophylaxis procedure
During Scaling and Prophylaxis process, dental instruments may touch the inflamed areas of the gums. This may cause gum bleeding or slight numbness, especially for those who have never or have not had teeth Scaling and Prophylaxis for a long time. The discomfort will usually disappear gradually 2 to 3 days after the treatment (for those with sensitive teeth or periodontitis, it may take longer). If these situations continue, please contact your dentist immediately.
When the hard tissue (enamel and dentin) of a tooth is damaged either by trauma or tooth decay, it has to be restored as soon as possible. In order to repair the damaged tissue and prevent tooth decay from getting worse, dentist will put fillings to repair the teeth and restore them to their original shape and function.
Recommendations after fillings:
Dental filling materials are mainly divided into composite resin (commonly known as tooth-coloured fillings) and silver amalgam (commonly known as metal fillings). Composite resin is currently the most commonly used materials. Since silver amalgam will oxidize and become greyish-silver colour, it is rarely used now.
Composite resin features:
When there is severe tooth substance destruction due to tooth decay or tooth fracture, or highly mobile due to gum disease, dental extraction may be needed. Simple extraction generally does not require surgery. However, if the tooth is badly broken down or very close to important anatomical features, such as the sinus or a nerve, surgical extraction may be required.
Common reasons for extraction:
Simple extraction procedure:
Surgical extraction procedure:
After tooth extraction, it is normal for the wound to have some swelling and it will subside after a few days. You should follow your dentist’s instruction to take medication or apply cold pack to relieve discomfort. If there is profuse wound bleeding, you should contact your dentist immediately, or seek for emergency care in the nearby hospitals depending on the severity of bleeding.
Optimum amount of fluoride can strengthen the teeth that are developing. It can effectively reduce the chance of tooth decay and relieve the severity of tooth sensitivity. Toothpaste and some mouthwash contain small amount of fluoride to help prevent tooth decay.