Dental Care

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Primary Dental Care

Oral Examination & Treatment Planning


Regular oral examination and maintenance can ensure oral as well as the general health. People usually overlook the importance of regular oral check-up for whatever reasons. As a result it may lead to various dental problems such as bad breath, tooth sensitivity, tooth decay, tooth wear, gingivitis and advanced periodontitis, etc. Our dentists will carry out careful orofacial examinations and further investigations if necessary to evaluate the oral health status and arrive at a diagnosis whenever signs and symptoms are present.

Services include:
  • Examining the health of teeth and gums
  • Checking any abnormalities of the orofacial region
  • Evaluating overall oral health condition and providing dental health advice
  • Providing intra oral and/ or extra oral X-ray for further investigation of oral signs and symptoms when necessary
  • Providing oral health care information


Pain management

Orofacial pain can be acute or chronic. It can be dental or non-dental origin.

Possible causes of pain with dental origin:
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Pulpitis
  • Cracked tooth
  • Dental abscess
  • Acute pericoronitis
Possible causes of pain with non-dental origin:
  • Oral ulcers
  • TMJ arthritis
  • Cysts
  • Oral cancer

Scaling and Prophylaxis


Plaque can easily accumulate in our oral cavity especially if we do not clean our teeth, gums and tongue thoroughly. Bacteria may secrete toxins resulting in gum inflammation. If the condition persists, it may lead to Periodontitis with signs of bone resorption.

Brushing teeth alone cannot thoroughly remove all the plaque and as a result dental tartar tends to form after some time. A professional Scaling and Prophylaxis can clean and smoothen our teeth and reduce the risk of bacteria accumulation. Dentists generally suggest to have Scaling and Prophylaxis once every half or a year as a route.

Scaling and Prophylaxis procedure
Use ultrasonic scalers to remove tartar and plague Use a tartar scraper to loosen small tartar Use a spinning polishing cup/brush to clean the surface of your teeth at high speed. It can remove stains and smoothen the teeth surface Apply fluoridated gel to strengthen the teeth

During Scaling and Prophylaxis process, dental instruments may touch the inflamed areas of the gums. This may cause gum bleeding or slight numbness, especially for those who have never or have not had teeth Scaling and Prophylaxis for a long time. The discomfort will usually disappear gradually 2 to 3 days after the treatment (for those with sensitive teeth or periodontitis, it may take longer). If these situations continue, please contact your dentist immediately.



When the hard tissue (enamel and dentin) of a tooth is damaged either by trauma or tooth decay, it has to be restored as soon as possible. In order to repair the damaged tissue and prevent tooth decay from getting worse, dentist will put fillings to repair the teeth and restore them to their original shape and function.

Fillings procedure:
Remove decayed and fragile tooth structure Clean the surface of the tooth with a special cleaning and disinfectant materials. Apply adhesive after drying Fill the holes and repair damaged part Harden filling materials Trimming and polishing
If the tooth is deeply decayed, local anesthesia may be required during the procedure.
Recommendations after fillings:
Avoid eating food that is too hard Avoid eating food that is too cold or too hot
Dental material:

Dental filling materials are mainly divided into composite resin (commonly known as tooth-coloured fillings) and silver amalgam (commonly known as metal fillings). Composite resin is currently the most commonly used materials. Since silver amalgam will oxidize and become greyish-silver colour, it is rarely used now.

Composite resin features:
Natural appearance, better aesthetics Similar to the colour of natural teeth Similar physical properties as enamel Often use on restoring the shape of teeth



When there is severe tooth substance destruction due to tooth decay or tooth fracture, or highly mobile due to gum disease, dental extraction may be needed. Simple extraction generally does not require surgery. However, if the tooth is badly broken down or very close to important anatomical features, such as the sinus or a nerve, surgical extraction may be required.

Common reasons for extraction:
The tooth cannot be repaired because of gross decay or damage Severe periodontitis, teeth become very loose The tooth is grown on undesirable position which the nearby tissue is damaged and infected Problems with the appearance and structure of the teeth Because of orthodontic treatment
Simple extraction procedure:
Local anesthesia Loosen the tooth from its socket and remove it Bite on a cotton or gauze pack to stop bleeding
Surgical extraction procedure:
Local anesthesia or general anesthesia (in special cases) Make a small incision into the gums Remove part of the alveolar bone that covers the tooth, so the root will be seen Loosen the tooth or separate it into several pieces Suture the wound Bite on a cotton or gauze pack to stop bleeding
Post-extraction care:
In general bite on a cotton or gauze pack for 30 to 60 minutes to stop bleeding. Meanwhile you can swallow the saliva as usual In order to keep the wound clean, use lukewarm water or saline to rinse the mouth gently after eating Avoid touching the blood clot on the wound in order to avoid bleeding Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages Avoid eating hard and rough food Avoid eating too cold or too hot food Avoid rinse the mouth or spit vigorously

After tooth extraction, it is normal for the wound to have some swelling and it will subside after a few days. You should follow your dentist’s instruction to take medication or apply cold pack to relieve discomfort. If there is profuse wound bleeding, you should contact your dentist immediately, or seek for emergency care in the nearby hospitals depending on the severity of bleeding.

Fluoride Treatment


Optimum amount of fluoride can strengthen the teeth that are developing. It can effectively reduce the chance of tooth decay and relieve the severity of tooth sensitivity. Toothpaste and some mouthwash contain small amount of fluoride to help prevent tooth decay.

Fluoride treatment process
Dry the mouth Apply a fluoride protective coating or fluoride foam solution, or wear a tray which contains fluoride gel or foam solution Clean or remove the solution after a few minutes Cannot eat for a period of time or stop smoking for at least 30 minutes after the treatment



Oral Examination & Treatment Planning
How often do I need an oral examination?
It is recommended to have an oral examination at a 6-month interval.
Which toothpaste should I use?
It is recommended to choose fluouride toothatpaste under normal circumstances.
Which toothbrush should I use?
It is recommended to choose soft-bristle toothbrush with smaller head. Toothbrush with smaller head allow a better access to back molars and soft bristle limits over pressuring the gum margin.
What is an oral examination?
An oral examination is an intraoral investigation of teeth and gum. With the aid of an x-ray or scan, tooth decay, periodontal disease or other oral problems can be diagnosed and treated accordingly.
Can pregnant women undergo dental treatment?
Pregnant women can undergo oral examination but treatment is limited. Although the exposure to radiation from a dental x-ray is relatively low, it is not suggested other than emergency sitatuion. Hence, all non-emergency treatment should be postponed.
How to brush my teeth properly?
It is essential to establish a habit of brushing day and night. The entire process should take about 2 minutes, covering the back, front and sides. Avoid over brushing your gum margin. It is important to floss thoroughly to keep the interdental area clean.
Why do i have gum bleeding when I brush my teeth?
Incorrect choice or improper use of toothbrush can result in gum bleeding. It is a sign of inflammation if the condition persists. You are required to consult a dentist as soon as possible.
When do children usually start changing their teeth? What should parents pay attention to?
Under normal circumstances, baby teeth begin to change over at the age of 5. Extraction is not required unless the growth of permanent tooth is blocked. At this stage, it is essential for parents to check carefully the growth of permanent teeth and their alignment. It is also important to teach your child correct brushing technique.
What would happen if a child loses a deciduous tooth prematurely?
If a deciduous tooth is lost prematurely, malocclusion may be resulted.


Pain management


Scaling and Prophylaxis
What is the cause of calculus?
Plaque is formed by the interaction of bacteria, saliva and food debris. The deposit of plaque is hardened in time, forming calculus. Therefore, it is recommended to have a scaling and prophylaxis once every 6-month.
How often do I need scaling & prophylaxis?
It is recommended to have scaling and prophylaxis once every 6-month. Patient with periodontal disease or habit of smoking may require to come more often depending on the assessment of your dentist.
Why my teeth is sensitive after scaling and prophylaxis? Why there is gum bleeding?
Bleeding is one of the signs of unhealthy gum. The plaque and calculus deposited are removed by cleaning. Hence, it is normal to be sensitive and experience slight discomfort for a few days and the gum inflammation will be improved gradually.


Why my teeth is sensitive after filling?
1. The decay was too deep and it was close to the nerve.
2. The filling is large and the material needs some time to settle.
Sensitivity will gradually disappear in 1 to 2 weeks.
Would there be cavities again after filling?
The tooth gets decay again after filling. Filling is a process where the decayed part is removed and the cavity is filled by dental materials. However, tooth decay can happen again if it is not properly cleaned.
Why can't all cavities be treated at a single visit?
Number of visit varies in amount of filling needed and area affected. Usually only treatment on one side is recommended. Not only because of the size of filling and time required, but also to minimize the discomfort of filling. The materials need certain period of time to settle, patient is suggested to use another side first to avoid breaking of filling.
How to prevent tooth decay?
Correct brushing technique and use of dental floss is essential in maintaining good oral hygiene. Keeping a habit of regular oral examination and scaling can further prevent serious dental problems.
What would happen if I crack my tooth?
Without proper protection by the enamel, the tooth is easily decayed. Patient may encounter severe pain if the crack reaches the pulp of the tooth.
If a baby tooth is decayed, should it be extracted as soon as possible?
If parents suspect any dental caries, we suggest you to bring your child for oral examination before he/she complains of pain. The dentist will take the growth of permanent teeth into consideration while suggesting treatment. It depends on the stage of development and status of the affected tooth, extraction may not be the only option.
How to replace an amalgam filling?
The amalgam filling can be removed and restored by composite resin materials.


What should I pay attention to after extraction?
You must follow the instructions given by the dentist. You have to bite on a sterilized guaze in order to control bleeding and avoid touching the wound. No smoking or drinking is allowed. Soft diet is advised. You need to rinse by lukewarm saline so as to keep the area clean and avoid infection.
Can I eat normally after extraction?
Do not take hot or solid food or drink anything hot 4 hours after extraction.
Can I brush my teeth normally after extraction?
You don't need to brush on the day of extraction. Resume normal and gentle brushing on the next day. Aovid touching or irritating the wound to prevent inflammation or bleeding.


Fluoride Treatment
What is fluoride treatment?
Fluoride treatment is the professional application of a high concentration fluoride substance on teeth surface. It is the most effective agent available to help preventing tooth decay.
What is the benefit of fluoride treatment?
Fluoride is a mineral which inhibit the growth of bateria, forming a protective layer which fortify the teeth against decay.
Please contact us for more information.
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